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the story of april fools day

In certain countries, April Fools’ Day pranks must be performed before noon on April 1; otherwise, it’s the prankster who turns on April Fools.


The origin of the customs of the time is shrouded in mystery. Some believe that it is likely a relic of the festivities held to mark the vernal equinox. These celebrations of the first days of spring began on March 25 and ended on April 2. Certainly there is some evidence to suggest that April 1 was observed as a general festival in pagan Britain.

Most commonly, the customs are associated with the change to the Gregorian calendar in France during the 16th century.

Historically, many parts of the world celebrated April 1 as New Year’s Day, due to its association with the beginning of spring.

France was one of the first countries to adopt January 1 as its official New Year’s Day, by decree of Charles IX in 1564. This was before the adoption of the Gregorian calendar in 1582.

Gifts and traditions that had been the hallmark of April 1 were changed to January 1. However, many people refused to accept the change or did not hear the news for several years. Those who still celebrated April 1 were seen as ‘fools’ by the general population, and fair game who were the butt of jokes and tricks were known as “poisson d’avril” or “April fish”.

The traditions spread to England and Scotland in the 18th century, and were brought to the American colonies by the English and French.

The tradition of April Fools’ Day, also known as April Fools’ Day, is observed in many countries on April 1.

In general, the goal of the day is to try to play a practical joke on a victim who is known as the April Fool. Practical jokes can range from simple to elaborate. Whatever the trick, the prankster usually ends it by yelling at his victim, “April Fools!”

April fools day around the world

Scotland In Scotland, April Fools’ Day is celebrated over two days: the first day is called Taily Day and the second day is devoted to pranks involving the buttocks. The “kick me” sign dates back to Taily Day.

Mexico City The equivalent in Mexico to the Day of the Innocents is December 28. Originally, the day was a somber remembrance of King Herod’s massacre of innocent children, though over the years it has become a joyous commemoration involving pranks and tricks.

France In France, the April fool is known as ‘poisson d’avril’ (April fish). It is not known what exactly the fish refers to, but it may be related to Pieces (the fish) sunrise in early April. Apart from the tradition in France was the unknowing placement of dead fish on the backs of friends. Today, the real fish have been replaced by fish-shaped paper shapes that kids try to sneak onto the back of their friends’ shirts. Shops and bakeries also offer special fish-shaped sweets.

Netherlands The Dutch have different reasons for celebrating April 1st. In 1572, the Netherlands was under Spanish rule. On April 1, 1572, the Dutch rebels took the city of Den Briel. This marked the beginning of the general civil uprising against the Spanish in the Netherlands. The Duke of Alba was the commander of the Spanish army at the time, and he was unable to prevent the uprising from gaining momentum. Bril is the Dutch word for glasses, so it was said that “Alba lost his glasses”. The Dutch commemorate this with jokes and humor on the first of April.

No fake cheesecake

The oldest known recorded recipe (circa 160 BC) was for a type of cake eaten during religious celebrations in Greece, containing goat cheese and in no way resembling our modern version. Fast forward to 1390 when an English cookbook had a chef named Heston Blumenthal insist that cheesecake is an English invention, which it very well could be; but whichever country gets the credit, no one has elevated it to its current art form like the Americans. When cream cheese was first developed in 1872, a New Yorker was looking for a way to recreate the soft, delicious cheese called Neufchâtel that he had eaten in England and France, and he came up with a method of making a “raw cheese” that was and creamier Along with other dairy farmers, William Chester began mass-producing it under the name Philadelphia Cream Cheese and ushered in today’s versions.

Basically, cheesecake comes in two different types: baked and unbaked, and both have their merits:

++New York-style cheesecake is based on heavy or sour cream, is rich, and has a dense, smooth consistency likely to be found in Jewish delicatessens and high-end restaurants;

++The Chicago style is a baked version that is firm on the outside with a softer texture on the inside; the crust used is usually made from whole-grain shortbread or crackers, crushed and mixed with sugar and butter; frozen cheesecakes tend to be called Chicago-style (can you say Sara Lee?);

The food city of Chicago is actually home to the two largest cheesecake makers in the country, Sara Lee and Eli’s:

++Cream Cheesecake Sara Lee put this dessert on the map with her Original Cream Cheesecake. In 1949, a bakery owner named Charles Lubin pioneered the frozen food business when he invented a premium cream cheese cake for sale in supermarkets and restaurants. He named the cheesecake after his daughter, Sara Lee. Lubin’s product was so successful that just two years later, in 1951, he opened Kitchens of Sara Lee and began adding other items to his bakery line. In the early 1950s, the aluminum foil pan was introduced that allowed you to bake, flash freeze, and sell your products in the same container;

++ Eli’s Cheesecake (1980) is also based in Chicago. Eli’s Original Plain Cheesecake, which has been called “Chicago’s most famous dessert,” is made of cream cheese, sour cream, eggs, sugar, and vanilla in a shortbread cookie crust; originally served exclusively at Ei’s restaurant on the north side; its popularity eventually resulted in Eli Shulman beginning to produce and sell the cake nationally and it continues to gain more market share annually. Eli’s has made cheesecakes for four US presidential inaugurations. In both 1993 and 1997, it earned £2,000 for Bill Clinton’s inauguration ceremonies, as well as numerous celebrity birthdays and special events, and is a popular Oprah dessert (no wonder); Making his debut at the first Taste of Chicago in 1980, he has had a starring role in all of them since.

Cheesecake Factory Restaurants – Opened in the Los Angeles area (1978) and now with over 200 locations nationwide; Not known for their low calorie cuisine, they offer 35 different flavors of cheesecake, one more decadent than the other, and are a living testament to the popularity of this dessert.

Hundreds of countries have their own unique versions with different ingredients and presentations, but the United States remains king of the mountain and shows no signs of stopping their love affair. If eaten in moderation, they can be enjoyed year-round; if you eat in large quantities, well, you can keep your cardiologist in the latest Mercedes. But grab a fork, a nice cup of coffee, and eat. You only live once.

Have fun this holiday season with the best Christmas costume ideas

Christmas is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy and there will be parties and celebrations throughout the month of December. The celebrations will begin the day after Thanksgiving and continue through the New Year. During this period, you buy gifts, organize and attend parties. It’s time to put on festive costumes and accessories. Santa Claus and his companions, Mrs. Claus, Mr. Jingling and Reindeer are the characters that will give your party a Christmas air. The inclusion of some other interesting Christmas characters like Snowman or The Grinch will add to the fun. There are different themes for Christmas parties and you will get costumes accordingly. You can throw a Hollywood themed party, a winter wonderland Christmas party, and a Christmas masquerade ball. You can also host or attend unthemed parties that give you the freedom to choose your own costumes. Whether it’s a 1950s rock star, pirate, or clown; put on the look that excites you the most. Your little boy can dress up as Santa Claus, Santa’s Little Helper, Little Penguin or a Snowman. Most of these costumes are rented or purchased, as it is difficult to find the right type of fabric for them. Dressing up is not just for children, adults can also have a gala time with the perfect costumes to look like their favorite characters.

Nativity Christmas Costumes

The celebration of the nativity recalls the true meaning of Christmas. Many churches plan a live scene from biblical stories such as the birth of Christ, where people dress up and act as biblical characters. You can also enhance the fun and festivity of your party with a nativity scene. Kids can dress up as an innkeeper’s wife or the third shepherd from the left, Mary, the Star of Bethlehem, an angel, a sheep or a traveler for their school’s Christmas play. These costumes come in different varieties and colors. If you don’t want your child to dress up in the traditional nativity scene outfit for a party, you can have them dress up as a penguin, robin, or snowman to take part in a Christmas story. You can also have a family nativity theme to entertain your guests. Nativity costumes are available for toddlers, children, teens, and adults. There are a wide variety of nativity scene animal costumes that can be used in the stables for your first Christmas scene. Make sure the costumes you choose have solid colors and stripe patterns, giving each costume a distinctive look that represents the character. To complete each look, accessories are essential. Shepherd’s staffs, beards, hairpieces, royal crowns, harps and shoes are accessories that will help you complete the look. Whether it’s the local drama society or your little one’s school play, have the perfect costume for the occasion.

Mom Etiquette: 10 Things Every Mom Should Know

I often find myself thinking, “they (ie other moms) should know better than that,” or “isn’t that a little rude?”, or “I can’t believe they think that’s cool.” Maybe since I’m older, I was raised when there were certain social graces that everyone knew how to follow. But now, many moms behave in ways that I can’t always tolerate. Here are ten ways to tactfully manage your child’s social interactions:

1. Party etiquette: If your child is invited to a children’s birthday party, some reciprocity is expected (especially if your child is attending the party). If they invite you, you should invite them. Yes, I know some parents need to keep parties small for financial reasons, but if that’s the case, have a party in your backyard or basement. Kids just want to run around and have fun.

Please RSVP to the party invitations ASAP. Don’t show up without an RSVP: If you don’t know if you can do it, let them know as soon as you can. The parents organizing the party don’t know how many party bags to make, etc. If you RSVP to say you’re coming, then come! If an emergency arises, call the other parent to let them know as soon as possible. Also, if your child is invited to a party, that doesn’t mean all of his siblings can attend as well. The invitation is for the child whose name is on the envelope. If it is an electronic invitation that is sent to the parents’ email, clarify which child or children should attend.

If your child attends a birthday party, don’t show up empty-handed. A gift is expected (unless donations to a charity are requested instead). There are many gifts under $5 that children are happy with. Browse the dollar store as a last resort.

2. Game date etiquette: Game dates should also be reciprocal. If you can’t set up a playdate at home, go to the park.

If another mom asks if you want a play date, contact her right away. Don’t leave them hanging wondering if it’s a yes or a no. If you don’t know his schedule, tell him.

If you have a young child, always offer to stay for the playdate, especially if your child has separation anxiety or you know they may be a “handful.”

3. Playground Etiquette – Younger children should have a parent or babysitter present while on the playground. If your child needs help with equipment, the parent or babysitter should be the one to help, not the other moms or dads. I have seen some parents and babysitters who let the kids run free on the playground while they sit and talk on their cell phone completely unaware of what is going on. Once, while I was in the courtyard of a mall, a little boy sat with us for 15 minutes (I gave him a snack because he asked) and the babysitter was nowhere to be seen. He had no idea who the child belonged to, but eventually a young woman who seemed embarrassed went to claim the child. This was a small enough playground that if she was there, she would have seen it with us (guess she had some shopping to do, ahem!)

4. Don’t gossip about other kids to other moms. Gossip is downright bad no matter who it is. If you have a real problem with a certain child, call his mother directly and discuss it. No one else needs to know or hear about the problem.

5. Don’t tell other moms how to raise their kids. If you have a problem with another child and need to tell his mother, do it tactfully. What works for one child doesn’t necessarily work for another, so skip the part about how you would handle it or what you do with your child. Chorus of lecturing other mothers about how you enforce the rules, how you require them to eat their meals, etc. The vast majority of mothers do a completely adequate job of raising their children. Unless you are truly concerned about a child’s well-being, don’t get involved.

6. Do not comment on another child’s physical appearance. This is common sense, right? Apparently not for some people. Refrain from commenting on how tall another child is, how short another child is, how heavy or skinny a child is, etc. Chances are if a child is very big or very small, it could be something the mother and/or child are sensitive about. Your comments just state the obvious and lead to embarrassment or hurt feelings. Keep it to yourself!

7. Do not discipline other children. If you’re at the park or in an area where a lot of kids play, and a kid does something that’s clearly not right, do your best to find his mom and discuss it. If you can’t find the other parent, gently approach the child and say, “Honey, my son/daughter doesn’t like being pushed, can you be a little nicer to him?” or “My son just got that bike for Christmas and it’s not ready for anyone else to ride yet.” In fact, I was in a park when a boy started riding another boy’s bike and the bike owner’s mother yelled, “THIS IS NOT YOUR BIKE, GET OFF!” On another occasion, I heard a mother tell a child (not hers) “you have to learn to share”, the child’s mother was sitting there and raised her eyebrows at the comment. I know there are times when you want the mother of a child to take certain actions, but that doesn’t give you the right to take those actions for them.

8. Don’t punish your own child in front of other children (or parents). Yes, I know there are times when you need to tell your child to stop doing something, but whenever possible, put it aside and say it quietly. Constantly yelling or scolding your child in public can give other children “license” to do the same. This can lead to other kids ganging up on your kids or other parents labeling your child a troublemaker. Another option for less urgent matters is to bring it up and discuss it once you’re home alone. Likewise, don’t announce to others that your child is grounded or “in trouble.” If punishment is part of your discipline, simply tell others that your child will not be able to attend that day.

9. Don’t brag. Period. If someone asks you about one of your child’s accomplishments, answer honestly and don’t embellish. I realize that parents (and grandparents) feel like they’ve earned the bragging rights, but it’s annoying and makes other parents and children feel inferior. Actually, that’s one of the reasons other kids might not want to hang out with yours. Your child’s achievements will stand on their own. Teach your child not to brag… he’ll be more respected if he doesn’t constantly sing his own praises.

Likewise, don’t brag to other parents about all the parties, playdates, or fun things your child is doing or about to do. Teach your child not to talk about playdates or parties with other children. If the child they are talking to is not invited, they feel hurt: no one likes to be left out. This not only hurts the child, it also hurts the mother.

10. If your child goes to the movies, the pool, or any other place where admission is charged (even if invited by another child), send them with enough money to cover admission and perhaps a snack. Unless it’s a party, don’t assume the other parent will cover the cost. Money may be turned down, but you should always offer.

Baby Feeding Tips: How to Know When They’re Ready for Solid Foods

Babies grow fast, and as they get older they will need more food to support their growth. You have to feed your baby regularly and consistently. Keep in mind that your baby depends on you for all his needs. Do your best to give your best care and attention.

Baby nutrition should always be one of the most important considerations a parent has in mind during the first months of his life, you should feed him with breast milk or formula milk, but you should give him solid foods when the time is right. This will ensure that it receives enough nutrition to support its growth. There are signs to watch for first before giving your baby these foods.


This type of reflex facilitates the smooth flow of liquid foods such as milk and prevents solid foods from entering the mouth. You have to know that this reflex aims to protect the child from choking that food can bring. But this reflex will disappear after a few months and it will be a good sign that your baby is ready for solid foods.


He has to develop the ability to send signals that he is already full, such as moving away from food. This ability will help him regulate the amount of food he eats and prevent too much food from entering his stomach.


Before introducing your baby to these foods, he must first learn to sit up. This is one of the signs that you should first watch for in your baby before giving him solid food. This is to make sure you are physically ready. You should also keep in mind that he has doubled his weight, which tells you that he needs more food to support his rapid growth.


If you see that your baby is very interested in your food, that is one of the signs that he is ready for it. This will tell you that you need additional nutrition from solid foods. Frequent waking up at night sometimes means he’s hungry, so you should consider giving him solid food so he gets enough nutrition.

Solid foods should be introduced to your baby gradually so that you know if your baby has a food allergy. Always make sure your baby is ready for solid foods before giving him some. This is to make sure that you will be able to tolerate them.

Writing Children’s Books: Creating a Worthy Adversary

Think of your favorite movies. Chances are, what you remember most are the two forces vying for your attention: the main character and the antagonist.

We have written a lot about the development of the main character, or protagonist, in these pages. But unless that character has a formidable opponent, he’ll never get a chance to be a hero. A compelling antagonist is vital to the success of your story.

First, let’s clarify the terminology. Many books on writing use the term “villain” for the antagonist, but I find that limiting. It implies an inherently evil nature. “Antagonist”, on the other hand, is simply an adversary. It is a person or force that works against the protagonist in some way. The antagonist’s job is to put obstacles in the path of the main character. One-dimensional antagonists are boring and awesome. If a character is completely bad, the reader will quickly figure it out and anticipate every plot point. Shades of gray are much more interesting and actually create more plot tension. If your antagonist occasionally has a conscience and tries to do the right thing, then every decision is a surprise to the reader. Now, if this character has had problems in the past that the reader finds sympathetic, then the reader might understand some of the antagonist’s actions.

In the vast majority of children’s books, the reader experiences the story through the eyes of the main character, whether it is written in the first or third person. So each character in the book is filtered through the perspective of the protagonist. The reader only sees the antagonist as the main character sees them, which may or may not be accurate. The reader’s information changes when the protagonist’s perspective changes. For example, a character may hate her stepfather because he is not her dad, but when the stepfather helps her out of an embarrassing situation, this perceived antagonist becomes an ally.

The antagonists need to adapt to the story. It’s up to you to show your readers why your main character is struggling against this particular obstacle. In the Dr. Seuss classic How the Grinch Stole Christmas, the protagonist is actually the least likeable character in the book. He is fighting the joy of celebrating the Christmas holidays. If readers didn’t believe there was something about the Grinch that made him incapable of joy, and didn’t sympathize with the Grinch and want him to change, then the idea of ​​not embracing a day of gifts and celebration would be inconceivable.

With picture books and easy readers, the antagonist is usually concrete and easily identifiable. It is a specific person or event. As readers mature, antagonists can become more abstract and complex. Often what the protagonist is fighting against is really something within herself. In last year’s Newbery winner The Higher Power of Lucky, Susan Patron crafted the uplifting story of a 10-year-old girl who bounces between her (mistaken) belief that her guardian was planning to put her in an orphanage and eavesdropping. 12-step meetings in the hope of finding his own “higher power” to give him strength. Jerry Spinelli’s haunting middle-grade novel Writer takes place in the fictional Waymer, where the annual Family Fest includes a live pigeon release. Ten-year-olds are enlisted to wring the necks of injured pigeons. Palmer dreads his upcoming tenth birthday, torn between wanting to fit in and revulsion at the thought of killing a bird. The antagonist here is twofold: the pressure to participate in the upcoming Family Fest and Palmer’s certainty that he will be the villain if he relents.

Finally, don’t overlook a classic antagonist: nature itself. As an external force beyond the protagonist’s control, nature can be a fascinating enemy. Gary Paulsen’s novel Hatchet is a perfect example. Twelve-year-old Brian is left stranded alone when the plane he’s traveling in crashes in the Canadian wilderness. With nothing but an ax and his wits, city-raised Brian must survive until rescued. He soon learns that nature does not care about his presence. Sometimes benevolent, sometimes violent, nature has its own agenda and is ultimately indifferent to whether Brian lives or dies. It is this nonchalance that has hooked readers for years, making Hatchet’s antagonist one of the most memorable of them all.

Master Cleaning Recipe: Using Cup Measurements

Master Cleanse or lemon juice diet recipe

3/4 cup or 12 tbsp. lemon juice

1/2 teaspoon Cayenne pepper

3/4 cup or 12 tbsp. Grade B Maple Syrup

7 1/2 cup of gold 60 oz. Filtered water

Mix all the ingredients together. Use an empty 32 oz glass juice bottle or plastic water bottle for storage and drinking. Makes 6 servings. 6 servings = 1 day of Master Cleanse.

* Use freshly squeezed lemon juice.

* Maple syrup must be grade B.

* The water must be purified.

*Organic if possible. (Optional)

* You can use lemon pulp, not in the original recipe, but I think it’s more profitable and doesn’t alter the results.

Single Serve Master Cleanse

2 tbsp. lemon juice

2 tbsp. Maple syrup

1/10 teaspoon cayenne pepper powder

1 1/4 cup of gold 10 oz. Filtered water

Take the single-serving recipe 6 times a day to equal a full day’s worth of Master Cleanse.

salt water discharge

4 C gold 32 oz purified water

2 tbsp. non-iodized sea salt

Mix all the ingredients and heat on the stove until the salt dissolves. Drink all 32 oz. of salty water

The salt water acts like an enema and causes an immediate release. If nothing happens, rinse again with salt water adding more salt.

The salt water is supposed to trick the mind into thinking it is blood and therefore not absorbed by the body. Do this in the morning, but leave the whole day free for this experiment.

herbal detox tea

It can be purchased at any pharmacy or online vitamin store. It is recommended to drink the detox tea every night and do the salt water rinse in the morning (but I prefer to skip the detox tea as I find it unnecessary).

Pros and Cons of Master Cleanse

Pros: You’ll lose weight quickly, but can gain it back once you eat solid food. It may be better than the current diet. If you thrive on structure and few food options, you can focus on healthy eating and lifestyle changes. It can help remove toxins and other food from your body.

Cons: You may feel irritable and dizzy for the first few days. It can be expensive. You may need an electric lemon squeezer because manually squeezing lemons becomes tedious. Detox Tea can cause diarrhea and painful cramps without elimination. Salt Water Flush may not have removal. If elimination does not occur, the salt water can be absorbed into the body, leaving it physically swollen and bloated. Bad breath. It should not be used by pregnant or lactating people. May affect medication. I also find that those who are already quite healthy or vegetarian do not benefit from the Master Cleanse as much as people who eat a lot of meat or eat a lot of junk food.

Note: I find that making the detox tea and salt water is too much for most people. Side effects can be painful cramps or swelling. I would only recommend doing the salt water rinse and not the detox tea no more than once a day for up to 1-2 days. (This is from personal experience, and no part of the original master cleaning instructions.)

Why an iPhone and a car mount are better than your in-car infotainment system

Today, if you are going to go out and buy a high-end car, you will be amazed at the range and variety of car entertainment systems. Since the introduction of the radio, our cars have evolved from satellite navigation systems, dual-mode screens for watching movies, and even the ability to answer questions on the road. However, these systems can often be quite silly. Slow, unintuitive, and rarely updated, they can be far less useful than the computer in your pocket: your iPhone.

Unlike your car, your iPhone is always with you, learning what interests you and figuring out where your potential destinations will be. It also knows what kind of music you like to listen to, the sound of your voice, and exactly where you are at any given moment. Those are things your car just can’t do, and with the help of an iPhone car mount, you can turn any vintage car into an ultra-modern smart vehicle. Here are our three favorite iPhone features to use in a car:

1) Navigation

In-car navigation services can be pretty awful at times. You’re stuck using the one that comes built into your car, which may never have been updated to the latest maps, or dedicated GPS units that can be expensive and difficult to install. With an iPhone car mount, you can use the GPS that you always have with you: your phone. You’ll always have the latest maps, as well as access to things like traffic updates, something many in-car navigation systems don’t offer. Perhaps best of all, though, because many docks support charging, your phone’s battery won’t drain while you’re carrying it from place to place.

2) Hey Siri!

Starting with iOS 9, iPhones have the ability to listen for the “Hey Siri” command. At home, that means you can ask him things like how long to boil an egg or set an alarm. However, if you have your iPhone mounted in your car, it can mean doing things like asking it to find restaurants at your destination before you arrive, telling it to play an album you love, or even redirecting it to another location.

3) Unlimited music choice

Remember the days when you filled your car’s storage compartments with CDs to keep your music options fresh? Say goodbye to them, because with an iPhone and mount combination, you can stream as much music as you want. Many cars from the last decade have Bluetooth connectivity, and many more have a 3.5mm connection, making it easy to connect to your iPhone. With an iPhone car mount, album art, information and controls are right at your fingertips; so all you have to do is choose between Spotify, Google Play Music or Apple Music.

Teacher Books: Getting Science by Brian Clegg

get science by Brian Clegg addresses an audience of elementary school teachers who feel less confident about teaching science in their classrooms. While I am not in his target audience, I am close to him. (I love science and I teach in small groups of homeschooled students.) Clegg did a few things authors should do. It caught my attention, told me things I needed to read or wanted to learn, and held my attention throughout the book. I learned a bit and further solidified the background knowledge. It is a good book, and after reading it, I hope that many elementary teachers will read it.

Clegg begins his writing with reasons why science can be a bit scary. Magazine articles and academic writing in general are stifling and use bloated words instead of easy-to-understand everyday language. Scientific papers weren’t always written that way, and they certainly don’t need to be written that way, but it is now a custom and a tradition. It takes a bit of effort to examine that language, but fortunately, it is not necessary. You can be a fun and effective science teacher without the cluttered newspapers. Learn by reading popular books and science programs instead.

Clegg also talks about what science is and should be. Science is an adventure. It should be fun. It should fill you with awe. Science tries to find out how the universe works. That doesn’t sound so scary, does it?

Its first chapter talks about how to involve the children in the lesson. People like people, so he suggests putting science in context and finding it in real life. What was the scientist who made the discovery like? How did that scientist grow up? What in your life led you to think and experiment the way you did to make the discovery? In addition to involving people and a bit of history, find the science in real life. If you’re talking about cell division, you could mention making bread and maybe bringing yeast into the classroom. Suggest sprinkling the discussion with surprising and gross facts. Children like gross. He emphasizes that children must do things with their hands. Watching a demonstration is better than just hearing about it, but it is best if children do the experiment or demonstration themselves. We learn by doing. And above all, make it fun.

At the very least, teachers should read the first chapter of the book.

The second chapter talks about why we have labs. People are not good observers. Many people do not know the difference between causality and correlation. Anecdotes are not data. Disproving is much easier than proving. All of these people facts lead to why we have labs. Fortunately, labs are no longer filled with middle-aged white men in lab coats, and personalities of all kinds can be found in science labs.

Clegg talks about different scientific eras in his third chapter. 500BC to 1500AD is the classical period. During this time, the prevailing “theory” prevailed because it was successfully argued. There really wasn’t a lot of science involved. Some of this classical thinking still exists today in the form of astrology and the four elements. The science clock era was from 1500AD (the end of the Middle Ages) to around 1900AD. This era was full of scientific discoveries and theories that make sense. Newton said that force equals mass times acceleration. That makes sense. Spontaneous generation theories disappeared because people discovered that flies laid eggs in raw meat. Clegg calls the current era counterintuitive. I mean, this age of science doesn’t seem to make sense. Just think of the phrases quantum theory, relativity, and light is light, but it can act like a wave or a particle.

Chapters 4, 5, and 6 talk about cool things about science, and Clegg provides suggestions for learning and teaching the topics. What is life? Why do humans have no fur? How does cloning work? What are the five states of matter? (Yes, five. It is not just solid, liquid and gas). How do mirrors work? What is the difference between mass and weight? What are black holes? What are wormholes? His explanations are quite easy to follow.

Chapter 7 presents a case for doing practical science. Chapter 8 talks about finding and seeing science in the real world and how to make experiments come to life, but not in a Weird science as a way Chapter 9 talks about science on the web. Which websites are trustworthy and how can you tell if a site is trustworthy. It also gives tips on how to search the web. Chapter 10 gives ideas on how to keep up with science and Chapter 11 tells you to go inspire the world.

The book was easy to read and did not take long. Even so, he managed to pack a great deal of good information into it. Are you a primary or primary teacher? If so, go to your library and check out this little treasure.

Arahant Pra Sivali – Buddhist icon of luck and good fortune

Pra Sivali Thaera Biography – Icon of reverence for those with great fortune in wealth and business sales. This came about due to many events that demonstrated his amazing quality and ability to generate wealth and good fortune – the power of ‘Maha Sanaeh’.

Pra Sivali was the father of Pra Nang Subpawaasaa, a royal princess of Goliyanakara. Even while he was still in his mother’s womb, his immense aura of lucky energy radiated and caused his mother to receive a lot of luck and increase her wealth. Pra Sivali remained in his mother’s womb for a period of 7 years, 7 months and 7 days. As the time of his birth approached, his mother began to suffer great pain, so he sent a Swami to ask the Buddha for blessings. Lord Buddha gave the following blessing;

“May Nang Subpawaasaa from Goliya City be happy and disease-free, and give birth to a child who is free from blemishes and diseases.”

Due to the power emitted by the great merits and purity of the Enlightened One, his words took effect and became true: the pain that Nang Subpawaasaa was experiencing subsided and she gave birth to her son easily without setbacks or suffering. Pra Sivali came into the world as easily as water is poured from a kettle. The nobles of the court met and decided on a name for their princely son, and gave him the name “Sivali Kumara” (Pra Sivali Gumarn, in Thai).

After Nang Subpawaasaa recovered physically, he decided that he wanted to make feast offerings and reverence Lord Buddha for a period of 7 days. She sent her Swamis to come and invite the Buddha and the Sangha company to come to the palace and receive offerings and reverence. The invitation offered them to come and stay the full 7 days. Although he had just been born, Pra Sivali Gumarn’s body was already as strong as that of a seven-year-old boy, and he helped his mother prepare and organize the offerings for the banquet, and filter the water for the monks to drink in a way. safe. While Pra Sivali Gumarn was helping his mother and father to do this, the great Arahant Pra Saributra Thaera watched all the time. Pra Saributra liked Pra Sivali Gumarn very much, and when the seven days of reverence offerings were over, Pra Saributra approached Pra Sivali Gumarn and invited him to come and ordain himself as a member of the Sangha.

Pra Sivali immediately accepted (because he already possessed all the qualities and inclinations to become a monk), and asked his mother and father for permission to ordain himself. Once he obtained permission, he went to the Aram of Pra Saributra and was ordained in the ‘Pra Kammathaan’ (initiatory practice methods of an ascetic abstinent monk); Dtaja Bpanja Kammathaan – Gaesaa (hair), Lomaa (skin), Nagkhaa (nails), Dtantaa (teeth), Dtajo (skin). This is the practice of looking at the five main individual ingredients of the living body, and seeing outside of the conditioning that is beautiful, seeing the dirty parts of the body.

Pra Sivali took Dtaja Pbanja Kammathaan’s teaching and considered it as if his head was shaved. This was the catalyst in his enlightenment and achievement of the four stages of Enlightenment;

It happened when Lord Buddha and the Sangha went to visit Pra Rewadta, Pra Saributra’s younger brother, who resided in a forest of Dtakian trees. The Dtakian tree is known as ‘Iron Wood’ – Hopea Odorata) in English. Mai Dtakian is a sacred tree believed to have a female ghost spirit that inhabits it, called ‘Phii Nang Mai Dtakian’. There is hardly a temple in Thailand that does not have a Dtakian tree; You will usually see colored fabrics wrapped around the trunk, as is the case with all sacred trees in Thailand. Dtakian wood dust is used to make ‘Pong Mai Dtakian’, a sacred powder used in the making of amulets.

  • The first time he shaved his hair and observed the dead tissue fall to the ground, seeing that it was not himself, he lit up to become a Sotapanna (Pra Sodaban in Thai).
  • The second time he shaved his hair and observed the dead tissue fall to the ground, seeing that it was not himself, he enlightened to become a Sakatakami (Pra Sagatakami in Thai).
  • The third time he shaved his hair and observed the dead tissue fall to the ground, seeing that it was not himself, he lit up to become an Anakami (Pra Anakami in Thai).
  • The fourth time he shaved his hair and observed the dead tissue fall to the ground, seeing that it was not himself, he enlightened to become an Arahant (Pra Arahant in Thai).

After he was ordained, it was noted that Pra Sivali had a lot of Laap Sakkara (fortune and honor of others), and this enchanting energy was even radiated and transmitted to others around him. This became so evident that the Buddha often sought out Pra Sivali to accompany him and the Sangha on long journeys, as it had been seen to be true that when Pra Sivali was present on such journeys, the Sangha would never have to. bear no problem. hardships in search of safe havens to stay and find food offerings. On the contrary, when Pra Sivali was present on trips, they were always found with many offerings and accommodation, and they never had to go without food and sustenance for long. An example of this is the time that Lord Buddha and five hundred other Bhikkhus had to rely on the Laap and Baramee of Pra Sivali.

As they had traveled a while, Pra Ananda Thaera (Pra Aanon in Thai) raised the following discussion and question;

‘Reverend Sir, there are two roads that we can travel on, if we go this way, the road is full of small settlements along the way and the Bhikkhus will have many safe places to rest where they will not have to starve, because the la la people along the way will make offerings of Bucha. But the road is very long (around 60 Yochanas). If we take the other path, the path is much shorter (around 30 Yochanas), however, the path is without a clear path and thick forest. There are hardly any people, only uncivilized savages living there, and the Bhikkhus would starve and suffer various unfavorable events.

Then Lord Buddha replied;

My dear Ananda, is not Pra Sivali Thaera with us?

Yes, my Lord, Ananda replied, “Pra Sivali Thaera is with us.”

Then the Buddha spoke again;

Dear Ananda, do not worry about what will happen when we take the shortest path through the forest, as the devas and spirits that inhabit the forest will arrange the necessary places and arrange for the Sangha to have a place to rest and recharge. . by the way “

They will do this because Pra Sivali is with us and is the object of their respect and reverence, so we will abide and reside in merits.