Powering future

Month: July 2021

Definition and objectives of bookkeeping and accounting systems

Accounting is defined as “the art of recording, classifying and summarizing in terms of monetary transactions and financial events and interpreting the results thereof.” In the simplest words, we can say:

(1) Accounting is an art

(2) of record classifying and summarizing

(3) in terms of money

(4) transactions and events of a financial nature and

(5) interpret the results of the same

Accounting is an art of correctly recording daily business transactions: it is a science of keeping business records in the most regular and systematic way to know business results with the minimum of hassle. Therefore, it is said to be a statistical procedure for the collection, classification and summary of financial information.

Accounting objectives

The objectives of accounting are twofold:

(1) To permanently record, all business transactions, and

(2) To show the effect of each transaction and also the combined effect of all those transactions for a given period to find out the profit that the company has made or the loss incurred, and also to know the correct financial position on a particular date . .

The need and importance of accounting can be understood by answering the following questions:

(1) How much have we earned this year?

(2) How much did you earn in the last year?

(3) Is our business improving?

(4) How much cash do we have?

(5) How much money do we owe?

(6) How much do others owe us?

Accounting systems

There are several accounting systems for keeping business records:

Cash accounting system

This system records only cash receipts and payments assuming there are no credit transactions. If there is any credit transaction, it is not recorded until the cash is paid or received. Account for collections and payments in the case of clubs, societies, hospitals, educational institutes, lawyers, etc. it is the best example of a cash system.

Single entry system

This system ignores the double aspect of each transaction as considered in the double entry system. In the single entry system, the merely personal aspects of the transaction are recorded, that is, the personal accounts. This method does not take note of the impersonal aspects of transactions other than cash. It does not offer any verification of the accuracy of the posting and no protection against fraud because it does not provide any verification on the record of cash transactions. Therefore, it is called “imperfect accounting.”

Dual Entry System

The double entry system was first developed by Luca Pacioliin, who was a Franciscan monk from Italy. Over time, the system has gone through many stages of development. It is the only method that meets all the objectives of systematic accounting. Recognize the double aspect of every business transaction.

These questions are of critical importance to a trader and the answers can only be derived from up-to-date financial records. Only the system of keeping perfect records of all business transactions will help the owner to know how much he has won or lost.

The main objective of any business is to obtain the maximum possible benefits with the minimum expense. In view of this, a business organization always tries to expand its business, increase its sales, and reduce operating expenses. Progress made in this regard is always indicated only by properly maintained financial records.

Accounting meaning

In the beginning, the main objective of accounting was to know the result of business activities (whether profits have been made or losses have been incurred) during a year and to show the financial situation of the company on a certain date. The accounting must comply with the requirements of the tax authorities; investors, government regulations; management and owners. This has resulted in the broadening of the scope of accounting and can be defined as follows:

“Accounting is the art of recording, classifying and summarizing, in a meaningful way and in terms of transactions and monetary events that are, at least in part, of a financial nature and interpreting the result thereof.”

Is accounting a science or an art?

In simple words, science establishes a cause and effect relationship, while art is the application of knowledge that comprises some accepted theories, principles, and rules. Since accounting does not establish a cause and effect relationship, it only provides us with the procedure by which the objectives of accounting can be achieved, so accounting is an art and not a science. Accounting is an art of recording financial transactions in a set of books; classify into desired categories and summarize the information to present it appropriately to interested people for their benefit.

Scope of accounting

Man felt the need for an accounting system early in the history of commerce and trade. The art of accounting is as old as the art of commerce itself. This art of record keeping went through many phases from its inception. With the development of trade, it has reached a position of great importance. In fact, it can be said with certainty that accounting has become the foundation on which the entire fabric of modern commerce rests.

Although there is no legal obligation for an ordinary merchant to keep records, every business house considers it essential and desirable to keep systematic records to know exactly where you are. In addition, it is legally binding for some forms of business, such as joint stock companies, to periodically prepare statements in the appropriate forms that show the position of the company. A suitable and satisfactory method of accounting is an essential part of any business house for the following reasons:

(1) If no records are kept, it will be difficult to find an accurate net profit. In such circumstances, the tax authorities may overestimate profits and therefore a trader will suffer for not keeping business records.

(2) In the absence of proper business records, it will be difficult for the merchant to present the true position to the court in the event of becoming insolvent.

(3) Keeping proper records helps the trader frame future business plans and policies.

(4) It will be difficult to determine and price the business to be sold or eliminated if records are not kept.

(5) Finally, despite the best memory, it is beyond the ability of a trader to remember all business transactions with previous references.

7 Remarkable Kitchen Cabinet Designs

When we start planning our kitchen setup, the first thing that comes to mind is how much storage space do we need? That’s because there are so many items that need to be placed and that too in a way that adds to the kitchen style quotient. If you need to buy Modular kitchen in Pune you can suggest these 7 kitchen cabinet designs.

• Wood veneer cabinets – Slab veneer doors have been very popular in Europe and you may also consider it suitable for your home. The veneer shows the wood in a completely different style and nature lovers love the effect it creates. However, for the best result, it is suggested that you search for the best kitchen manufacturers in Pune as only the quality would be up to par.

• Stainless Steel – Having a stainless steel kitchen gives you multiple benefits at the same time. Besides looking elegant, it is easy to maintain and hygienic. These days you also get scratch resistant stainless steel materials and by adding them to your kitchen you can lead a life in peace.

• Lacquered Cabinets- Bright, shiny and extremely rich in color, the lacquered cabinets are a sight to behold. Available in various colors, the shine, however, remains only if you clean it regularly. Also, you can only apply some types of cleaning products on the surface, so it is absolutely necessary to have knowledge of it.

• Brightly colored cabinets – We often think of black and brown as the only available colors to choose from for the kitchen. Not anymore, as you can choose a color like red, teal, or cobalt blue. If they match your home interiors, go ahead and get the same.

• Floating Shelves: If you want to be a bit innovative, try getting some floating shelves in your kitchen. You can opt for them for the upper parts of your kitchen. Floating wooden shelves with shiny subway tiles will make your kitchen fabulous and very stylish.

• No top cabinets – It’s not a problem if you completely remove the top kitchen cabinets and only use the bottom ones. This gives you an open space and reduces the fear of clutter of items. However, this would work only if storage is not such a big issue for you.

• Blend – You can always incorporate two or three of the other styles suggested above. For example, you can use lacquer for the upper cabinets while opting for the wooden ones in the lower cabinet. Or maybe floating stainless steel shelves with painted bottom cabinets.

If you are looking for modular kitchen manufacturers in Pune, you should visit us at https://www.apinterio.com/. We offer you high-quality expertise in creating such stunning cabinets for your kitchen. If you are considering reliable kitchen furniture Pune, we can guide you in choosing the styles that will make your kitchen look its best. We also provide a long-term service benefit and you can let us know whenever you need help.

The most expensive SUVs to repair after a rear-end collision

You know, when I was learning to drive for the first time, my father would jokingly say, “back off until it sounds expensive.” Well, in those days, the 50s and 60s, you could actually do that. You could hit something and there would hardly be a dent or scratch on the old Chevy truck. But don’t try that today.

According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), the most expensive midsize SUV they had to repair after the 5 mph “rear-to-post” crash test was the 2000 Isuzu Trooper. That’s 5 mph. ; just above walking speed, and the vehicle was damaged for $ 3,317. Part of the reason for all this damage is that the spare tire is hanging off the end gate. When the vehicle encounters something like a pole or another vehicle, the spare tire crushes the end door, explodes the rear window, and in some cases pulls the gaps in the side fender inward.

Between 1999 and 2003, of the 10 most expensive SUVs to repair from that same crash test (in which we were able to find records) as tested by the IIHS, 7 of them had the spare tire hanging from the end door. Those vehicles (and the damage they sustained) included the Isuzu Trooper ($ 3,317), Mitsubishi Montero ($ 2,961), Toyota RAV4 ($ 2,719), Honda CR-V ($ 2,727), Land Rover Freelander ($ 2,096), Suzuki . Grand Vitara XL7 ($ 2,175) and the Jeep Liberty ($ 1,627). IIHS ‘Brian O’Neill probably said it best: “SUVs can be advertised as rugged, and manufacturers are telling potential buyers they can drive these vehicles anywhere the adventure takes them. But consumers can expect big repair bills. if they are unlucky enough to overcome them, so-called rugged vehicles hit something at low speed. “

It has been 27 years since the consumer has had a 5 mph bumper (1982). Now we only have 2.5 mph bumpers and, only on passenger cars. There are NO federal bumper standards for pickup trucks, SUVs, or minivans, which is one of the reasons they get it wrong. Even in the passenger car standards, the rules allow unlimited damage to the bumper. And, the average cost to repair a full-size pickup truck bumper from 5 mph rear to post collision is $ 1,618, and that’s at 2004 prices. And some trucks and SUVs aren’t even tested because the IIHS only tests the most popular vehicles.

Now the IIHS has eliminated the rear-end pole test because most automakers complained that it was not a “fair” test. But there are a ton of parking poles waiting to get into your vehicle. The IIHS also found that some of the automakers were cheating by adding additional energy absorbing material right where the vehicle would hit the pole.

Today, the lightest hit from a vehicle can cause damage from $ 450 to more than $ 2,000. The average cost to repair a plastic bumper is $ 450 and the average cost to replace a plastic bumper is $ 900. And if you have a vehicle with a backup alarm, you’re looking for double that amount. A back-up alarm can help you avoid hitting something, but it doesn’t help in a rear-end collision.

Every year there are more than 12 million rear-end collisions in the US, both reported and unreported, and more than 8 million plastic bumpers are replaced each year. Rear-end collision accounts for 38% of all dollars paid for auto claims and you can no longer afford to make a claim. The typical insurance premium will increase 40% if a claim is made.

There are thousands of traffickers, uninsured motorists, distracted drivers, inattentive cell phone users, poor judgment drivers, text messengers, and lousy parallel parkers trying to wreck your vehicle, cripple your family, steal your deductible and jeopardize your insurance. . . Currently, there are products on the market that can help you defend yourself. Do your homework and start protecting your family, vehicle and insurance; You can’t afford not to.

6 things to consider before buying a smartphone

Today, smartphones have become part of our busy lives. They are used to surf the Internet, save documents on web servers, take photos, and talk with friends and family. Since there is a wide variety of smartphones on the market, you may not be able to make a decision that easily. So, we’ve rounded up a few things to consider before buying one. Keep reading to know more.

1. Build quality

The durability of a cell phone depends on the build quality. The smartphone market offers two types of constructions: plastic and metal. You can also find some phones that have glass-covered panels. If you are concerned about dropping your phone, you should opt for a plastic or metal frame.

If you drop these phones from a height of two to three feet, the metal body can resist the drop by keeping the internal chips safe.

2. Display

The choice of screen resolution depends on the way the smartphone is used. For example, if you love watching videos and downloading things from the Internet, you can choose a phone that has a screen of at least 5.5 inches. And the resolution must be at least Full HD.

If your phone has a screen larger than 6 inches, it will be more difficult for you to carry the phone. Also, if you are going to use your phone to easily browse and chat online, a 5-inch screen may be more than enough.

3. Processor

The processing power of a phone is different depending on the device model, the bloatware and the version of the operating system. If you need to edit images and videos on your phone or if you want to play advanced video games, you should opt for a phone that has at least Qualcomm Snapdragon 652. This will make it easier for you to use multiple applications at the same time.

4. Camera

If you go for a camera that features a 16MP rear camera, don’t assume that the image quality will be great. The quality of photos depends on many factors such as autofocus, pixel size, ISO levels, and camera aperture to name a few.

The image size will be larger if you opt for a 16MP camera, for example. Therefore, you should keep this in mind when considering this feature of the phone you are going to buy.

5. Battery

Battery usage varies from person to person depending on how they use their phone. For example, if you play heavy games or watch HD videos on your phone, you should go for a phone that has a 3500 mAh battery. For average users, a smaller battery can get the job done too.

6. Storage

The operating system takes up most of the memory space on your phone. So you should go for a phone that has at least 32GB of storage space. But if you want to store a lot of large files, we suggest you use a phone that allows you to insert a microSD card.

In short, if you are going to buy a smartphone, we suggest that you consider the factors that are given in this article.

Grilling Tips: What You Should Know Before Grilling Mahi Mahi

The Mahi Mahi is becoming increasingly popular as a trophy fish sought after and caught by sport fishermen around the world. This particular fish is often found in the warmer waters of the Gulf Coast, Hawaii, and off the coasts of South America. With its growing popularity, it can often be found served in many restaurants or in the fresh seafood boxes of many grocery stores.

Sometimes called “dolphin fish” (although not related to the mammalian dolphin in any way), the mahi mahi, when properly filleted, produces thick and dense pinkish white fillets that are well suited for cooking on a charcoal or gas grill. . Served with roasted potatoes, grilled corn on the cob, and asparagus, it’s a meal you or your guests won’t soon forget!

There are many ways to grill Mahi Mahi and we will discuss a few here. Some of these methods include:

  • Direct heat
  • Indirect heat
  • Cedar planks
  • Aluminum foil packages

Let’s start with Direct Vs. Indirect Heat first.

In a direct heat method, the food being cooked is placed directly over the coals or the burner lit on a gas grill. This method produces scorching heat that often blackens the outside of the meat, and while it is very good for a steak, it is not really the preferred method for Mahi Mahi.

When using an indirect heat method, the grill (charcoal or gas) is preheated and the embers are placed on one side for charcoal grills or with gas grills, one side of the grill is turned off. The item being cooked, in this case fish, is placed on the side of the grill opposite the burner or hot embers, allowing for slower and more even cooking. With either of these methods, it is important to ensure that the grill grates are clean of any old food or char build-up and that they are well coated with olive oil or specially formulated cooking spray for the grill to prevent the fish sticking.

Cedar plank method

This is one of our favorite methods of cooking almost any dense fish fillet like salmon, red drum, or mahi mahi. Cedar grill planks can be found at most grocery stores or even major retail chains like WalMart and Home Depot. These thin planks of raw cedar add an exceptional sweet smoky flavor to any fish that is cooked on them. Just be sure to soak the boards in water for at least 4 hours before using them. When you’re ready to grill your fish, place the board on a preheated grill (medium to medium-high heat is best) and place the prepared fish fillet directly on the board. Flipping the fish is usually not necessary, but you can if you wish. With this cooking method, a simple seasoning of the fillets with a mix of spices like Old Bay and a splash of lemon juice is all that is needed to prepare the fish for grilling.

Aluminum foil package method

In this method, the Mahi Mahi is seasoned and wrapped in aluminum foil and then placed over direct indirect or moderate heat. Most often, the fish is topped with lemon wedges, diced tomatoes, onions, and chopped olives before sealing the foil package. This method helps retain the juices and produces a very tasty meal!

Rope Cocking Device Vs Crank Cocking Devices

If you are a crossbow enthusiast, then it is recommended that you do your research on the different types of cocking devices that you can use. There are actually two basic types of cocking devices. The first is the crank device that appears like a small winch mounted on the butt of a crossbow. This device requires you to wind a crank in order to cock your crossbow. Before purchasing this device, it is important that you determine whether it can offer you the maximum satisfaction when using it for crossbow hunting. One of the main advantages of the hand crank cocking device is that you will never have a hard time removing it. It is also a great help in your attempt to get the rope in the center of the trigger so that you can shoot accurately. But how expensive this device is is one of its main drawbacks. It is also heavy and bulky, so there is a great chance that you will feel uncomfortable using it.

The second type of cocking device is the rope cocking device. This is less expensive than the crank type, so it is no longer surprising why many people prefer to use it. You can get it for between twenty-five and forty dollars. On the pull rope of this device there are two rope holders and handles. It also comes with a pulley system designed to enhance its mechanical advantage. The pulley system also allows you to use only half the force required to cock the crossbow. The device also works to center the string and this is a great help in improving the accuracy of all your shots. But you’d better put a mark in the center of the bowstring to make sure the process of releasing the arrow produces a uniform force. You can also prepare your next shot in just thirty seconds with the help of this device.

But there are also disadvantages to using the rope cocking device. You will need to spend more time setting up the string cocker, bowing the bow, and then putting it away after you are done using it. Still, it is highly recommended for crossbow hunters because of its affordability and all the other benefits it has. Making this device a part of your crossbow hunting gear can definitely bring you a more enjoyable hunting experience. Just make sure you’re willing to practice your skills with the device so you never have a hard time getting it to work during your crossbow hunting expedition.

Cake Baking Basics: Formulas and Measurements


Bakers generally talk about formulas rather than recipes. If this sounds more like a chemistry lab than a food production facility, it’s for good reason. The bakery is very much like a chemistry laboratory, both in the scientific precision of the procedures and in the complex reactions that take place during mixing and baking.


Ingredients are almost always weighed at the bakery, rather than measured by volume, because measuring by weight is more accurate. The precision of the measurement, as we have said, is essential in the bakery. Unlike home baking recipes, a professional baker’s formula doesn’t call for 6 cups of flour, for example.

To prove to yourself the importance of weighing rather than measuring by volume, measure a cup of flour in two ways:

(a) Sift some flour and spoon into a dry measure. Level the top and weigh the flour.

(b) Scoop out some uncrushed flour to the same extent and pack it lightly. Level the

cover and weigh the flour. Notice the difference – no wonder homemade recipes are so inconsistent!

The baker’s term for weighing ingredients is scale.

The following ingredients, and only these ingredients, can sometimes be measured by volume, at a ratio of 1 pint per pound or 1 liter per kilogram:

o Water o Milk o Eggs

The volume measure is often used when scaling water for small or medium batches of bread. The results are generally good. However, as long as precision is paramount, it’s best to weigh, as a pint of water weighs just over a pound, or about 16.7 oz. (This figure varies with the water temperature).

For convenience, liquid volume measurements are frequently used when preparing products other than baked flour products, such as sauces, syrups, puddings, and custards.

Measurement units

The measurement system used in the United States is very complicated. Even those who have used the system their entire lives sometimes have trouble remembering things like how many fluid ounces are in a quart and how many feet are in a mile.

The metric system

The United States is the only major country that uses the complex measurement system just described. Other countries use a much simpler system called the metric system.

Abbreviations for the US units of measure used

pound (lb)

ounce (oz)

gallon (gal)

fourth (qt)

pint (pt)

fluid ounce (fl oz)

tablespoon (tablespoon)

teaspoon (tsp)

inch (in)

foot feet)

In the metric system, there is a basic unit for each type of measurement:

The gram is the basic unit of weight.

The liter is the basic unit of volume.

The meter is the basic unit of length.

The degree Celsius is the basic unit of temperature.

The largest or smallest units are obtained simply by multiplying or dividing by 10, 100,

1000, etc. These divisions are expressed by prefixes. The ones you need

know are:

kilo- = 1000

deci- = 1D10 or 0.1

centi- = 1D100 or 0.01

milli- = 1D1000 or 0.001

Formulas and measurements

Metric units

Basic units

Quantity unit abbreviation

weight gram g

volume liter L

length meter m

temperature degree Celsius ° C

Divisions and multiples

Prefix / Example Meaning Abbreviation

kilo- 1000 k

kilogram 1000 grams kg

deci- 1D10 d

decilitate 0.1 liter dL

centi- 1D100 c

centimeter 0.01 meter cm

milli- 1D1000 m

millimeter 0.001 meter mm

Conversion to metric

Most people think that the metric system is much more difficult to learn than it actually is. This is because they think in metric units in terms of US units. They read that there are 28.35 grams in an ounce and are immediately convinced that they will never be able to learn metrics. Don’t worry about being able to convert US units to metric units and vice versa. This is a very important point to remember, especially if you think the metric system can be difficult to learn. The reason for this is simple: you will usually work on one system or the other. Rarely, if ever, will you have to convert from one to the other. (An exception could be if you have a team based on one system and you want to use a formula written on the other.) Today, many people own imported cars and repair them with metric tools without ever worrying about how many millimeters are in an inch. Similarly, when American bakeries and kitchens switch to the metric system, American cooks and bakers will use scales that measure in grams and kilograms, volume measures that measure in liters and deciliters, and thermometers that measure in degrees Celsius, and will use formulas If these units indicate, you won’t have to worry about how many grams are in an ounce. To get used to working in metric units, it helps to have an idea of ​​the size of the units. They are not exact conversion factors.

One kilogram is a little over 2 pounds.

One gram is approximately 1D30 oz. Half a teaspoon of flour weighs a little less than one


A liter is a little more than a quart.

A deciliter is a little less than half a cup.

One centiliter equals approximately 2 teaspoons.

A meter is a little over 3 feet.

One centimeter is roughly equivalent to 3d8 in.

0 ° C is the freezing point of water (32 ° F).

100 ° C is the boiling point of water (212 ° F).

An increase or decrease of 1 degree Celsius equals approximately 2

Fahrenheit degrees.

Metric formulas and recipes

American industry will likely adopt the metric system one day. Many recipe writers are already eager for a head start and are printing metric equivalents. As a result, you will see recipes that call for 454g of flour, 28.35g of butter, or a baking temperature of 191 ° C. No wonder people fear the metric system! Kitchens in metric countries do not work with such impractical numbers, nor do we normally use figures like 1 pound 11D4 ounces of flour, 2.19 ounces of butter, or a baking temperature of 348 ° F. That would defeat the whole purpose. of the metric system. It should be simple and practical. If you get a chance to look at a French cookbook, you will see nice round numbers like 1kg, 200g, and 4dL.

The metric measurements in the formulas in this book are NOT equivalent to the US measurements shown next to them. You should think of the metric part of the formulas as standalone formulas with returns close to but not equal to the returns of the US formulas. Giving exact equivalents would require the use of awkward and impractical numbers. If you have metric equipment, use metric units, and if you have American equipment, use US units. For the most part, the total performance of the metric formulas in this book is close to the performance of the US formulas, keeping the ingredient proportions the same. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to keep the proportions exactly the same because the American system is not based on decimals like the metric system. In some cases, metric quantities produce slightly different results due to varying proportions, but these differences are usually extremely small.

The principle of using a bakery scale is simple: the scale must be balanced before adjusting the weights and it must be balanced again after scaling. The following procedure applies to the most commonly used type of bakery scale.

1. Place the scale scoop or other container on the left side of the scale.

2. Balance the scale by placing counterweights on the right side.

and / or adjusting the ounce weight on the horizontal bar.

3. Set the scale for the desired weight by placing weights on the right side

and / or moving the weight of the ounce.

For example, to set the scale to 1 lb 8 oz, place a 1 lb weight on the right side and

move the ounce weight to the right 8 oz. If the ounce weight already exceeds 8 ounces, then

you can’t move it another 8, add 2 lb to the right side of the scale and subtract 8

ounces by moving the ounce weight 8 places to the left. The result is still 1 lb 8 oz.

4. Add the ingredient being scaled to the left side until the scale is balanced.


A good balance should be accurate to 1D4 oz (0.25 oz) or, if it is metric, 5 g. Dry ingredients weighing less than 1D4 oz can be scaled up by physically dividing larger amounts into equal servings. For example, to scale 1D16 oz

(0.06 oz), weigh out 1D4 oz first, then divide this into four equal heaps using a small knife.

For fine pastry work, a small battery-operated digital scale is often more useful than a large scale. A good digital scale is relatively inexpensive. You can instantly measure amounts to the nearest 1D8 oz or to the nearest 2 g. Most digital scales have a tare or zero button that sets the displayed weight to zero. For example, you can place a container on the scale, set the weight to zero, add the desired amount of the first ingredient, reset the weight to zero, add the second ingredient, and so on. This speeds up the weighing of dry ingredients that need to be sifted together, for example. However, remember that careful weighing on a good balance is more accurate.

British bakers have a convenient method of measuring baking powder when small amounts are needed. They use a mixture called muffin flour. To make one pound of muffin flour, combine 15 oz. Of flour and 1 oz. Of baking powder; sift together three times. One ounce (1D16 lb) of muffin flour therefore contains 1D16 (0.06 oz) of baking powder. For every 1D16 oz of baking powder needed in a formula, substitute 1 oz of muffin flour for 1 oz of the flour called for in the formula. To facilitate formula calculations and conversions, the fractional ounces that appear in the ingredient tables for formulas in this book are written as decimals. Therefore, 11D 2 oz is written as 1.5 oz and 1D4 oz is written as 0.25 oz.


Bakers use a simple but versatile percentage system to express their formulas. Baker’s percentages express the amount of each ingredient used as a percentage of the amount of flour used. In other words, the percentage of each ingredient is its total weight divided by the weight of the flour, multiplied by 100%, or:

100% =% ingredient

Thus, the flour is always 100%. If two types of flour are used, their total is 100%. Any ingredient weighing the same as the amount of flour used is also indicated as 100%. The ingredients in the cake formula listed on page 11 illustrate how these percentages are used. Check the figures against the equation above to make sure you understand them. Remember that these numbers do not refer to the percentage of the total return. The total return on these percentage numbers will always be greater than 100%. The advantages of using bakery percentages is that the formula is easily adapted to any performance, and individual ingredients can be varied and other ingredients added without changing the entire formulation. For example, you can add raisins to a muffin mix formula while keeping the percentages for all other ingredients the same. Clearly, a percentage system based on the weight of flour can only be used when flour is a main ingredient, such as in breads, cakes, and cookies. However, this principle can also be used in other formulas by selecting a main ingredient and setting it to 100%. In this book, as long as an ingredient other than flour is used as the 100% base.

The most popular tarot cards are about love

Love, money, and career issues seem to be on the minds of millions of people today. Most men and women who call the Psychic Hotline look for answers in their love lives. It is not uncommon for a tarot card reader to hear, “When am I going to meet someone with whom I can have a romantic future?” It is true that love is hard to find these days. Some people spend their 20s, 30s and even 40s searching for the perfect soul mate. Tarot is an art that has been practiced for hundreds of years. The cards themselves were once just playing cards. When artists began to design the cards for spiritual reasons, the tarot began to gain popularity in the spiritual realm. Many psychics began to believe that they had the same power as astrological charts. They could simply tell the future of an individual’s life.

Today, tarot is one of the most sought after spiritual gifts. Other spiritual reading gifts include: clairvoyance, daily horoscope columns, astrology charts, numerology, angel card readings, runes, and much more. You can find more than 100 different styles of psychic reading. Most astrology websites promote love psychic readings because most callers and chatters want to know what is going on in theirs. It can be an incredible experience to have a reader tell you that Mr. or Mrs. Right is about to enter your life when you least expect it.

In the 1990s, popular tarot card readers were the famous Ms. Cleo and others who worked on psychic helplines. Remember you used to say, “Call me now.” Tarot extensions can last several years. Most spreads will cost you around $ 5.00 per question. Some tarot readers work differently and often enjoy giving advice to people in need.

The idea of ​​someone knowing your future is a bit mystical to most people. Most astrology experts say that tarot is the most accurate reading of all. You can easily find new information about the New Year in this wonderful art form. Astrology websites predict that questions about love will be the highlight of your business for years to come. Most experts say that it is amazing to understand a fortune. A fortune can give you an insight into the future for a number of reasons.

Horoscopes are the type of information most people look at. If you are someone who likes to learn about your future, you can consider these types of psychic readings. They are often a great way to understand life in general and can predict more than just love. To find a reputable tarot card reader, it is best to look at their reputation. Look for readers with a 5-star reputation. Most astrology sites use a 5-star rating system in which customers rate a reader.

At present, there are more than 1,000,000 tarot card readers in the world from different countries. The Internet makes it easy to connect with readers because anyone can join these websites and have fun.

A brief history of Bellwood, IL

Just 13 miles west of the Chicago Loop is the 2.4-square-mile town of Bellwood, IL, which is home to just over 19,000 people. Although the boundaries include the yards of the Union Pacific Railroad Proviso and the Eisenhower Expressway, life is far from the bustling activity of the city. With the motto “Your family is our future”, this town prides itself on its traditional values.

The beginnings of Bellwood, IL

The flat prairie created the perfect conditions for the farmland, which occupied this territory until the early 1890s. After the initial subdivision was established, several businesses were built. The owners of the first taverns lobbied to incorporate the village to avoid annexation by the dry town of Maywood. Incorporation occurred in 1900, and the town took the name from its second subdivision.

Soon more people arrived, and the population doubled between 1910 and 1920. Many of the early residents were of Russian or German descent. The land west of Mannheim Road was annexed in 1926 and the migration continued, causing the population to increase to nearly 5,000 in 1930. Large industries established themselves in the eastern part after World War II. Residential development within other sections was encouraged by the local passenger rail service.

Bellwood, IL becomes a commuter’s paradise

Completed during the 1950s, the Eisenhower Expressway made Bellwood very attractive to commuters. The population more than doubled between 1950 and 1960, increasing to approximately 20,730. With little vacant land remaining, construction slowed and the population increased only slightly until 1970. This town received worldwide notoriety in the early 1970s when native Eugene Cernan traveled to space and then to the moon. Cernan left the last traces on the lunar surface and in his autobiography he paid tribute to his hometown.

During the same decade, the village received a different kind of publicity when it became involved in a United States Supreme Court case protesting the racial leadership of a local real estate company. In a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court granted municipalities legal rights regarding the use of testers and the ability to sue for discrimination. Between 1970 and 1990, Bellwood’s African-American population increased from 1.1 percent to 70 percent.

Although this town has changed in many ways, it is still a residential suburb with Georgian houses, ranches, and brick bungalows. Since the turn of the century, economic development has been given high priority. Located just minutes from Chicago and at the crossroads of various modes of transportation, access to and from this town is extremely convenient.

How to open a mail-order package store

Consulting services to open a packing and mailing store can be expensive. That is why we wrote the book in 2002 and many have taken advantage of it.

What’s the best way to open a mail packaging and parcel shipping store? Should you go freelance, hire a developer, or go franchise? We veterans suggest you know the cost, pricing, location, shipping accounts, equipment, POS shipping software, inventory, supplies, profit centers, store layout, and then take a decision.

Store opening expenses

Expect a minimum of $ 35,000 to open a professional store if you can do much of the fitness yourself. Most stores now open for at least $ 75,000. This includes POS (point of sale) computers and equipment, retail displays, and inventory. Of course, this all depends on your practical skills, business background, strategy, and where you are. Yes, there are many variables.

Prices for placing strategy

Check out your competition on all types of shipments and then decide on your pricing strategy. The pricing strategy depends on your target market and your profit centers.


“Location, location, location!” It is important. Make sure you have dedicated parking spaces for your store, as your customers bring packages to you. Pay attention when looking at what we call a “Power Center”. In general, your target market is the person or business that needs convenience and does not go to a major mall on the way home.

Shipping Accounts

Contact FedEx to become a FASC (FedEx Authorized Shipping Center). Your representative can inform you about the conditions that apply. UPS ASOs (UPS Authorized Shipping Points) are “vested”, which means that you may be able to get an ASO account if you purchase an existing store that has ASO status. Contact Retail Shipping Associates at http://www.rscentral.org for an account with DHL, the world leader in international shipping. Also visit RSA for information on USPS programs.

POS / Cash Register Systems

Today’s major POS (point of sale) software programs for packing and shipping stores are PostalMate, ShipRite, and ReSource. Each one has its great points and flaws. Call each one for a demonstration and ask questions. For example, can the point of sale assist you if you are in Hawaii?

Box inventory

Of course, buy a general case inventory that works great for most shipments. When purchasing their inventory of corrugated cardboard boxes, keep in mind that box manufacturers typically indicate the inside dimension of a box. What do the outside dimensions mean when shipped by a carrier both domestically and internationally? Buy boxes knowing what outside dimensions can normally be shipped under certain international size, oversize, or carrier size rules. Consider stronger corrugated (double-walled) cardboard for your larger boxes and flat sheets to reduce the chance of damage.

Profit centers

Know what your community needs with services and products. We’ve had stores that did big business with snacks and mailings, while others mostly did big shipments. Other profit centers that are generating big revenue now are custom packaging and big freight. Learn how to price correctly and provide excellent customer service to stay in business now!